brief history of tea

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The word tu 荼 appears in Shijing and other ancient texts to signify a kind of "bitter vegetable" (苦菜), and it is possible that it referred to several different plants, such as sow thistle, chicory, or smartweed, including tea. [66] Tea production in Australia remains very small and is primarily in northern New South Wales and Queensland. The first sentence states, "Tea is the ultimate mental and medical remedy and has the ability to make one's life more full and complete." The "Day Tea Rite" was a common daytime ceremony, whereas the "Special Tea Rite" was reserved for specific occasions. The wars opened more Chinese ports to the West and gave England Hong Kong. In tea manufacture, the leaf goes through some or all of the stages of withering, rolling, fermentation, and drying. [50] As prices continued to drop, tea became increasingly popular and by 1750 had become the British national drink. Unfortunately, this tea was not of Chinese tea quality, as the English did not know the secret Chinese tea processing methods, growing and plucking methods... nor did they know that Green tea and Black tea were from the same plant! A powdered form of tea also emerged. [48] Thus, two of Britain's trading triangles converged: the sugar sourced from Britain's trading triangle encompassing Britain, Africa and the West Indies and the tea from the triangle encompassing Britain, India and China. Tea had become an important source of tax revenue for the British Empire, and the banning of the opium trade and thus the creation of funding issues for tea importers was one of the main causes of the First Opium War.[53]. The practice of consuming tea began off the Himalayan mountains; though originally the leaves were chewed rather than brewed. In the early 17th century, a ship of the Dutch East India Company brought the first green tea leaves to Amsterdam from China. This led to the rise of many apocryphal stories and legends surrounding the harvesting process. Senior Lecturer in Agronomy, Eastern University, Chenkaladi, Sri Lanka.

harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFSanyal2008 (, Movable Feasts, Sarah Murray, 2007, pp. People of the Han dynasty used tea as medicine (though the first use of tea as a stimulant is unknown). One day, he sat under the Camellia Sinensis, or Tea Tree, to rest and drink hot water. Notably, it comes from the tropical plant Camellia Senensis. [2] Tea was originally only consumed by Anglicized Indians; it was not until the 1950s that tea grew widely popular in India through a successful advertising campaign by the India Tea Board.[40]. The British introduced tea production, as well as tea consumption, to India, in order to compete with the Chinese monopoly on tea. Reaching the 19th century, this problem was only exacerbated by the practice of afternoon tea becoming the standard in 1841. tea. By 1839, the Opium import had increased to 2,553 tonnes. All of the Tea we carry are those terroir, single-sourced Chinese teas which are just being rediscovered. Sencha was originally prepared by casting the leaves into a cauldron and simmering briefly. In one popular Chinese legend, Emperor Shennong was drinking a bowl of just boiled water because of a decree that his subjects must boil water before drinking it. It first became known to western civilization through Portuguese priests and merchants in Lebanon during the 16th century. Robert Fortune made two trips within China. The emperor took a sip of the brew and was pleasantly surprised by its flavor and restorative properties. The second to the black tea & Oolong Wuyi mountains in Fujian.
The best-known constituent of tea is caffeine, which gives the beverage its stimulating character but contributes only a little to colour, flavour, and aroma. In South America, the tea production in Brazil has strong roots because of the country's origins in Portugal, the strong presence of Japanese immigrants, and because of the influences of Argentina's yerba mate culture. The tea ceremony of Japan was introduced from China in the 15th century by Buddhists as a semi-religious social custom. Brazil had a big tea production until the 1980s, but it has weakened in the past decades. [39], Commercial production of tea was first introduced into India by the British, in an attempt to break the Chinese monopoly on tea. According to legend tea has been known in China since about 2700 bce. "[52] Tea had to be paid in silver bullion, and critics of the tea trade at this time would point to the damage caused to Britain's wealth by this loss of bullion. However, commercial production of tea in India did not begin until the arrival of the British East India Company, at which point large tracts of land were converted for mass tea production. A Brief History of Tea According to legend, tea was first discovered in China over 4,000 years ago by Emperor Nun Shen. Drinking tea became popular in Britain during the 17th century. [1] The first Portuguese ships reached China in 1516, and in 1560 Portuguese missionary Gaspar da Cruz published the first Portuguese account of Chinese tea; in 1565 Portuguese missionary Louis Almeida published the first European account of tea in Japan. [3], On morphological differences between the Assam and Chinese varieties, botanists have long asserted a dual botanical origin for tea; however, statistical cluster analysis, the same chromosome number (2n=30), easy hybridization, and various types of intermediate hybrids and spontaneous polyploids all appear to demonstrate a single place of origin for Camellia sinensis—the area including the northern part of Burma]], and Yunnan and Sichuan provinces of China. During this time, the Chinese were notoriously difficult to trade with, as the Emperor could restrict trade as he pleased and tighten the trade regulations.

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