13. Chad, landlocked state in north-central Africa. Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa as it relates to the land mass area; Chad is about the size of Spain, Kansas, and France combined. The first European known to have seen North America was Italian. Along the seasonally flooded banks of the Chari and Logone rivers and the Salamat Wadi, hydromorphic (waterlogged) soils occur. The country has also seen three decades of civil war. 30. The most beer is beer – 66%, then spirit – 3.6%, wine – 3.4%, and other alcoholic beverages – 27%. Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a country in northern Central Africa. It is common in Chad for men to have more than one wife. All Rights Reserved. 20. The Tibesti Mountains are home to some of the best camel racing in the world. The Chari is about 750 miles (1,200 km) in length and has a flow that normally varies between 600 and 12,000 cubic feet (17,000 to 340,000 litres) per second, according to the season. The Sahara Desert covers much of northern Chad and occupies roughly 1/3rd of the country’s total area. America is one of Chad’s largest investors. The best time to visit the Lake Chad is between August and December. 6. It is indigenous to the Hausa traditional communities and is also used in neighboring countries, including Nigeria, Ghana, Burkina Faso, and Benin-Niger. Grains including millet, sorghum, and rice are staple foods of Chad. 14. The other fifteen landlocked countries in Africa are: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Botswana, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Swaziland, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Sudan (newly established). Historically, the locals called the area Chad which inspired the Europeans to call the endorheic lake after the country.
In the early Holocene Epoch, possibly until as recently as 7,000 years ago, the lake stood at a level of about 1,100 feet (335 metres) above sea level, or some 180 feet (55 metres) higher than today, and was as much as 550 feet (170 metres) deep. Tibesti literally means "the place where mountain people lives".
The Sahara Desert covers much of northern Chad and occupies roughly 1/3rd of the country’s total area. 3. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Chad , officially known as the Republic of Chad (Arabic: جمهورية تشاد Jumhūrīyat Tishād; French: République du Tchad), is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. 15. Surprisingly, the lake is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. 18.The country is named after Lake Chad.
In Chad, on average, an adult consumes about 4.4 liters of pure alcohol a year. It is, however, the world's 17th largest lake and a great tourist attraction. Natural irrigation is limited to the Chari and Logone rivers and their tributaries, which flow from the southeast into Lake Chad. 10. Chad is the home for more than 200 ethnic groups and up to 200,000 Sudanese Refugees. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Although it is the fifth largest country on the continent, Chad—much of the northern part of which lies in the Sahara—has a population density of only about 20 persons per square mile (8 persons per square km). He assumed office for the first time in 1990. A $4 billion pipeline linking Chad’s oilfields to terminals on the Atlantic coast was completed in 2003. The northeast African cheetah is the wildlife that can be found in the Chad area of the desert. Chad is also known as “The Babel Tower of the World.“. 1,100 mothers die per 100,000 births.
On the south side of Lake Chad the soils are derived from clayey deposits that accumulated on the floor of Mega-Chad.
The precipitation and rainfall in this area range between 300 to 600 mm every year. Chad is bounded on the north by Libya, on the east by Sudan, on the south by the Central African Republic, and on the west by Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.
For every 23,600 people in Chad, there is only one Chadian doctor available. The Sahara opens up to the Sahelian belt in the middle of the country. With a 0.845% landmass of the total landmass of the world and a land area of 1,259,200 square kilometers, Chad is smaller than Peru and larger than South Africa. It was ranked as the seventh poorest country by Forbes.com in 2008. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? At that stage Mega-Chad, as it has been called, occupied an area of some 130,000 square miles (336,700 square km) and overflowed southward via the present-day Kébi River and then over the Gauthiot Falls westward to the Benue River and the Atlantic Ocean.
The country’s terrain is that of a shallow basin that rises gradually from the Lake Chad area in the … 5. 26. 7. Tropical iron-bearing soils, red in colour, are found on the exposed folds and mounds of the Ouaddaï region’s upland slopes. 20. The remaining Chad waterways are either seasonal or are of insignificant size. 19. Other parts of the coat of arms are the shield and scroll with the national motto written in French, Unité, Travail, Progrès which can be translated in English as Unity, Work, Progress. Older dune systems, flooded by Mega-Chad, form linear islands in the present lake and extend hundreds of miles to the east, the interdunal hollows being occupied by diatomites and other lake sediments. Lake Chad, which represents all that remains of a much larger lake that covered much of the region in earlier geologic periods, is situated in the centre of the western frontier; it is 922 feet (281 metres) above sea level. You May Also Like: Most Developed Countries in Africa, You can get in touch with us on email@example.com. 29. Chad is also known as "The Babel Tower of the World" because of its cultural diversity. It is also the world’s seventeenth largest lake. Both symbols stand opposite each other having the blue and yellow colored shield in the middle with a red sun rising above the shield of the Chadian coat of arms. The Chadian and Libyan conflict took place between 1978 and 1987. In 2013, 1,527 people lost their lives as a result of traffic accidents.
The first pipeline runs through Cameroon, connecting the Doba Basin to the port of Kribi on the Cameroon coast. Grains Are The Staple Food In Chad. More than two thirds of young women will have been married in Chad before they turn 18.
31. The date palm is the only tree that grows in the Sahara region. Grains including millet, sorghum, and rice are the staple foods of Chad. In the 1960s, it covered an area of 25,000 square kilometers, which has reduced to 1,350 kilometers today. 24. Below are twelve fun facts which we would like you to know about Chad. The Logone, which for some of its course runs along the Cameroon frontier, is formed by the junction of the Pendé and Mbéré rivers; its flow varies between 170 and 3,000 cubic feet (4,800 and 85,000 litres) per second, and its course is more than 600 miles (965 km) long before it joins the Chari at N’Djamena. Crude oil has been the primary source of the country’s economy since 2003. However, they have had some popular soccer players. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The lake has drastically reduced in sizein recent times. 36. 32. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the south-west, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.
It has resulted in new construction and infrastructure projects like roads. Grains including millet, sorghum, and rice are the staple foods of Chad.
Learn more about Chad, including its … It has over 200 ethnic groups and 100 languages spoken in the country. The frontiers of Chad, which constitute a heritage from the colonial era, do not coincide with either natural or ethnic boundaries.
It is also the world’s seventeenth largest lake. 34.
Several types of soil formation occur in Chad, apart from the sand of the desert zone and the sheer rock of the mountainous areas. 25. 12. It is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world. 21. The country was a part of France’s until 1960.
22. One obvious act of corruption is diverting billions of dollars gotten from oil to purchasing weapons instead of investing in the nation. 33. The droughts of the 1970s and early ’80s in the Sahel region of western Africa reduced the lake to record low levels.
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