why is the himalayan wolf endangered


[53] [54] National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Institutes of Health. "These genetically distinct Himalayan wolves deserve special conservation attention, at the same time that the conservation of this species in a context of human-wildlife conflict is challenging," conclude the scientists. [2], A genomic study on the wolves of China included museum specimens of wolves from southern China that were collected between 1963 and 1988. Between 2005 and 2008, it was sighted in the alpine meadows above the treeline northeast of Nanda Devi National Park in Uttarakhand. The elusive wolf survives on half the oxygen available to mammals at sea level. The Himalayan wolf lives in packs of five animals on average – a smaller group than grey wolves – and eats marmots in summer as well as woolly hares and bharal, or Himalayan blue sheep. The most ancient wolf lineage, known to science, has been listed as Critically Endangered in the National Red List. [31], The Tibetan Mastiff was able to adapt to the extreme highland conditions of the Tibetan Plateau very quickly compared to other mammals such as the yak, the Tibetan antelope, the snow leopard, and the wild boar. Get weekly and/or daily updates delivered to your inbox. The content is provided for information purposes only. Seven wolves from Kashmir did not fall into this clade. in 2007 for wolf specimens from the Indian Himalayas that differed in mitochondrial DNA from specimens collected in other parts of India. [3] The Himalayan wolf lives in packs of five animals on average – a smaller group than grey wolves – and eats marmots in summer as well as woolly hares and bharal, or Himalayan blue sheep. We do not guarantee individual replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence.

[28] Results of whole genome sequencing showed that it is the most genetically divergent wolf. The mtDNA of 18 captive wolves in the Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park was analysed in 2007. It is distinguished by its genetic markers, with mitochondrial DNA indicating that it is genetically basal to the Holarctic grey wolf, genetically the same wolf as the Tibetan wolf, and has an association with the African golden wolf (Canis anthus). In other parts of the world, there are certain species of wolves that are endangered. [50], Historical sources indicate that wolves occasionally killed children in Ladakh and Lahaul. In India, the wolf is protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, which prohibits hunting; a zoo needs a permission from the government to acquire a wolf.

[7] The group recommends that this wolf lineage be known as the "Himalayan wolf" and classified as Canis lupus chanco until a genetic analysis of the holotypes is available. As a part of their research, the authors conducted both formal and informal interviews with about four hundred local herders, livestock owners, nomads and village elite to find out more about the status of the human-wolf conflict, as well as their attitudes and perceptions. The Himalayan wolf (Canis lupus) is a canine of debated taxonomy. Conservation scientists currently have no idea of the wolf’s population because the animal roams across such a large swath of inaccessible terrain. [8], The mitochondrial DNA of 27 wolves from the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau was compared in 2004. Relationship with the African golden wolf, For a full set of supporting references refer to the note (a) in the phylotree at, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Phylogenetic evidence for the ancient Himalayan wolf: Towards a clarification of its taxonomic status based on genetic sampling from western Nepal", "Genome-wide Evidence Reveals that African and Eurasian Golden Jackals Are Distinct Species", "Wolves in Trans-Himalayas: 165 years of taxonomic confusion", "Molecular Genetic Studies on highly Endangered Species", Assessing the genetic status, distribution, prey selection and conservation issues of Himalayan wolf (, "Nomenclatural Matters: Twenty-fourth meeting of the Animals Committee Geneva, (Switzerland), 20–24 April 2009, AC24 Doc. In 2019, a workshop hosted by the IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group noted that the Himalayan wolf's distribution included the Himalayan range and the Tibetan Plateau. [24][9][10][25][26][27][6][4][5][2] Its MT-ND4L gene commences with the base pairs GTG, whereas all other canids commence with ATG. [7] Lack of information about its basic ecology in this landscape is an obstacle for developing a conservation plan. [18], Canis himalayensis was proposed by Aggarwal et al. [17] In 2005, W. Christopher Wozencraft also listed C. l. niger, C. l. filchneri, C. l. karanorensis, and C. l. tschiliensis as synonyms for C. l. [9][10] In 2019, a workshop hosted by the IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group noted that the Himalayan wolf's distribution included the Himalayan range and the Tibetan Plateau. In 1974, the gray wolf was officially considered endangered. Results showed that they shared a common female ancestor. [46][47] The Nepal Himalayas provide an important habitat refuge for the Himalayan wolf. Himalayan wolf lopes towards recognition as distinct species. "Canis lupus himalayensis". [7][19] The committee recommended against this proposal, but suggested that the name be entered into the CITES species database as a synonym for Canis lupus. As this study was based on captive-bred zoo specimens that had descended from only two females, these samples were not considered to be representative. The wolves in the study formed three clades: north Asian wolves that included those from northern China and eastern Russia, wolves from the Tibetan Plateau, and a unique population from southern China. This indicates that the Ethiopian wolf's adaptation has not been inherited by descent from a common ancestor shared with the Himalayan wolf. [44] In 2013, a wolf was photographed by a camera trap installed at an elevation around 3,500 m (11,500 ft) near the Sunderdhunga Glacier in Uttarakhand's Bageshwar district.

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